††††† The frontier had been extended to Minnesota in 1821 when Fort Snelling was built at the confluence of the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers.†† A few years later the little community of St. Anthony emerged a few miles upstream.By 1850 the population crossed the Mississippi from St. Anthony, and Minneapolis was born.

††††† In the 1850s and 1860s shipping was diverted from the Kansas, Missouri, and Mississippi ports to the northern river ports of Minneapolis-St. Paul, which became the hub of expansion into the Northwest territories.With the increased trade came an influx of energetic young men from all parts of New England and the middle west anxious to make their mark in life.The attraction of unlimited waterpower for mills and easy transportation for products to other Mississippi ports drew talented and eager men to the area to try their hand at milling and manufacturing as well as real estate and other businesses.

††††† James J. Hill had come to St. Paul from Canada in 1856 to work on the loading docks of the town, a job which would take him into the business of transportation of goods, and lead to his involvement in western railroad construction.

††††† Coming from Iowa where he had been working as a surveyor on a railroad, Richard Junius Mendenhall arrived the same year.He realized the potential of the real estate business in this quickly growing region, and with capital from the Bank of North Carolina (which was probably owned by members of his family in Greensboro, N. C.), he opened a real estate, loan, and banking business in Minneapolis with his friend from New England, Cyrus Beede.After two years he returned to Falmouth, Massachusetts, to marry Abigail Swift whom he had met while teaching in that town.They made their home in Minneapolis in 1858 and were joined in 1861 by their brother-in-law and sister, the Nathan Branson Hills, from North Carolina and in 1867 by the Nathan Hill's nephew, Allen Hill and his family from Carthage, Indiana.

††††† In June of 1866 Thomas B. Janney arrived in Minneapolis to join his brother Edwin M. Janney and brother-in-law, Samuel T. Moles.By previous agreement they engaged in the retail hardware and stove business and built a store building on a rented lot on Washington Avenue between Nicollet and Minnetonka Ave.During the building of the store a stock of merchandise was bought in Chicago and shipped by rail to Prairie du Chien, thence by river to St. Paul in care of James J. Hill who forwarded it to Minneapolis.1

††††† The first railroad had been built in 1862 and was called the Minnesota and Pacific.It extended from St. Paul to St. Anthony on the east side of the river and later to Minneapolis.In 1865 the Minnesota Central began running trains to Faribault, completing its service to Austin and the Iowa state line in 1866.Up until this time Minneapolis had very limited means of communication with the outside world.The vast prairies of the Northwest, which in later years were to provide the impetus for the growth of the Minneapolis Market, lay at her door.These prairies were inaccessible and undeveloped, with no means of communication except the ox carts and teams of the early settlers.2

††††† As Minneapolis and St. Paul expanded and enlarged their available services, they grew in importance as the gateway to the northwest.From the Red River, oxcarts transportation shifted to the many small railroad lines which were built in segments from one town to another.Inevitably the time came for someone to undertake buying up the small lines to put together a wider network under one management.James J. Hill was one of the men who foresaw the trend and began to build a large railroad.

††††† The city of Minneapolis had grown from 8,000 in 1866 to 13,066 in 1870, while the population of the state had grown from 172,023 in 1860 to 439,706 in 1870.Minnesota was in the midst of railroad building.In 1867 the Chicago, Milwaukee, & St. Paul Railroad Co., built down the river to La Crosse and the St. Paul & Pacific Railroad Co., later the Great Northern Railroad, extended its line northwest to Breckenridge in 1868.In 1870 the railroads enabled the mills to reach the Great lakes, thus making cheap water transportation available.The vast prairies of the West were calling for goods, and Minneapolis was the logical gateway through which these growing towns were to be supplied.3




††††† Allen Hill (Fig. 69) graduated from the Friend's School in Richmond, Indiana in 1846.He then completed his college education at Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, where the new President at the time was the famous educator, Horace Mann.Allen then married Ann R. White, his former classmate at the Friend's Boarding School, upon his graduation from Antioch College.(Figs. 70 and 71).

††††† The onset of the Civil Warin 1861 changed his immediate plans to teach, and he enlisted in the 16th Regiment of Indiana volunteers to serve with the Union forces.Two years in the service found him in the swamps at Vicksburg (Fig. 64), where he contracted malaria and was mustered out.He had planned for a career as a teacher, but for health reasons, and with a change of heart, he and his wife decided to pursue new opportunities in Minneapolis following the end of the war.Once settled there, he took a job as an accountant at James Canner & Co. in Minneapolis in 1867.

††††† In 1871 the family lived in an attractive home on 9th St. between Nicollet Ave. and Mary Place.In addition to three sons, Horace Mann (named for his college President), Washington Irving (named for a favorite author), and Henry Branson (named for his father), all of whom had come with them from Carthage, the family now included Mary Louise, born in Minneapolis in 1868.

††††† In 1874 Allen was a clerk at Joseph Dean & Co., lumber dealers, a firm which was owned by Joseph Dean and the Harrison brothers: William M., Thomas A., and Hugh G.The family was living at 58 South 8th St.(Fig. 72). This home was located on a wooded lot across the street from the 8th St. door of the present Dayton's Department Store in downtown Minneapolis.Although both Allen and Ann were from Quaker families, the Hills chose to attend the Westminster Presbyterian Church, a block away, which had a Quaker minister at that time.Allen Hill used his teaching skills in the Sunday School of the church, becoming Superintendent of the Sunday School.He also served as Secretary-Treasurer of the church and as Trustee from 1874 to 1901.

††††† Tragedy struck the family in 1875 when nine-year-old Henry Branson died of diphtheria.Earlier in the year Allen's uncle, Dr. Nathan Branson Hill had died of a heart attack.A year later, Washington Irving, age 11, drowned in White Bear Lake while on a Sunday School outing, and in 1878 Mary Louise died of burns suffered when her nightgown caught fire from candles on the Christmas tree.The Hills were left with only one child, their oldest son, Horace.Christmas trees were never allowed in their house thereafter.

††††† In 1875 Allen Hill went to work at Wishard & Hill druggists, at 128 S. Washington Avenue.M. M. Wishard had been Superintendent of the Soldiers and Orphans Home in Knightstown, Indiana, where Henry B. Hill had served as member of the Board of Directors.Joseph Dean and Co. had closed its doors as lumber dealers in 1876.In 1877-8, Wishard and Hill Druggists became Hill & Gruwell (Dr. C. B. Gruwell, M.D.) and was located at 2nd Ave. and Washington St.Dr. Nathan Hill and Wishard may have been partners in the establishment of the drug store.At Dr. Hillís death, his nephew, Allen, may have been called on to carry on his interests in the firm which was later dissolved.

††††† In 1880-1 Allen Hill worked as a clerk for the St. Paul, Minneapolis, and Manitoba Railroad.James J. Hill and his associates had purchased the St. Paul and Pacific Railroad on a shoe string in 1878, sold its land holdings, and organized the St. Paul, Minneapolis, and Manitoba.The railroad was quickly expanded northward through the Red River Valley to connect with the Canadian Pacific, and then westward through the Dakota Territory and Montana to Puget Sound and Everett, Washington.

††††† Why Hill left the position with the railroad in 1882 and became a bookkeeper for Fraser and Shephard, manufacturer of sash doors and blinds is not known.Perhaps with the dissolution of the St. Paul, Minneapolis, and Manitoba Railroad there was no longer a need for his job.From 1883 through 1887 he was employed as a clerk for the Minneapolis and St. Louis Railroad in its freight office.

††††† The family had moved to 243 Oak Grove St. in 1886-7, and then to 343 Oak Grove.His last job was as custodian for the Minneapolis Trust Company of which his cousin, Samuel Hill, was president.This company was organized with funds from James J. Hill, Samuel Hill, T. B. Janney, and the Harrison family, and was in later years absorbed into the newly founded First National Bank of Minneapolis.

††††† Allen Hill probably had recurring health problems related to his malaria.Although he lived another eighteen years, his health was not good. Thereafter, most of his time and effort were spent in working for Westminster Church.His good friend, Thomas B. Janney, and he were activesupporters of Westminster Church for many years. (Fig. 73).



Figure 69.Picture of Allen Hill.




Figure 70.Pictures of Ann R. and Allen Hill.These pictures were taken shortly after their marriage, when Allen was entering the Union Army.



Figure 71.Marriage Certificate of Ann and Allen Hill.



Figure 72.The home of Allen and Ann Hill on Mary Place, Minneapolis (now 8th St.), located across from the 8th St. entrance to Daytonís Department Store.Ann and Allen Hill are standing on the left and Mary and Horace Mann Hill on the right with son, Allan Janney Hill, in the buggy; ca 1885-6.





Figure 73.Allen Hill died in Pasadena, California, while on winter vacation.





††††† Richard Junius Hill was born February 11, 1853 at Hill's Store in Randolph County, North Carolina, and named after his Mendenhall uncle (Fig. 74).He was just eight years old in 1861 when North Carolina seceded from the Union and when his family left the south.He was old enough, however, to have retained a clear memory of their flight to sanctuary in Indiana at the home of Hill relatives and the family's subsequent relocation to Minneapolis, Minnesota.This story was later related to a newspaper columnist in Oregon by Samuel Hill, Richard'syounger brother, and is undoubtedly correct.

††††† Richard's mother died in 1867 from the effects of exposure when her buggy went through the river ice on a trip to the Iowa Yearly Meeting.The father headed the household with the assistance of Mary, the oldest daughter, until he died of a heart attack in 1875.At that time Richard Junius Hill was in his last year of medical school at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, following a primary education in the Minneapolis schools and two years at the University of Minnesota.

††††† After graduation Richard Hill signed up to serve three years as a contract surgeon in the medical department of the army.These years were spent on the frontier in Arizona.He chose this life knowing that he had a suspected area in his lung, and that the warmer climate and good air of the southwest would be beneficial for his condition.His sister, Anna, also suffered from tuberculosis.Returning to Minneapolis in good health, he started in private medical practice.He had a large practice and was greatly loved and respected by his patients.A Quaker, he was a gentle man and conservative in manner.He was an early member of the Hennepin County Medical Association and for many years was on the Council of the State Medical Association.For two terms he served as coroner for Hennepin County.He died in 1923 of a recurrence of tuberculosis, leaving his wife, Louise Johnson, a son, Richard J., Jr., and a daughter, Louise.




Figure 74.Richard J. Hill was a cousin of Allen Hill and a prominent Doctor in Minneapolis at the turn of the century.He followed in the footsteps of his father, Nathan B. Hill.


††††† The young Hill children grew up in the little town on the Mississippi and attended the local schools.The elder Hills and other relatives served on the education committees of the town, continuing the family commitment to good education for their children.

††††† ForNathan Hill's sons, Richard and Samuel, formal school education in city schools ended at the age of fourteen.Richard Hill continued with two years at the University before going to Haverford College in Philadelphia.Samuel also attended Haverford, their father's Quaker Alma Mater.

††††† Schooling for Horace Mann Hill, Allen's only surviving son, also ended at the age of fourteen.He, too, was a fine scholar, but he needed to help support his parents and opted to go to work as a clerk in a furniture store (where he was employed for a few months) and in the position as bookkeeper at D. M. Gilmore & Co. and at Young, Patterson & Co.

††††† In 1875 Thomas B. Janney and his partners, Samuel T. Moles, Fred W. Brooks, and George H. Eastman began a business partnership to do wholesale and retail hardware business under the name of Janney, Moles, Brooks & Co., taking possession of the hardware establishment of John S. Pillsbury & Co. at 109 Nicollet Ave.This firm was known as Janney, Brooks, and Eastman in 1877, as Janney, Brooks & Co. in 1883, and Janney, Semple & Co. in 1884.Thomas Janney, one of the proprietors, was a member of Westminster Church where Horace's father, Allen Hill, was active in the church as Superintendent of the Sunday school and as Secretary of the Board of Elders. Janney came from a prominent Ohio Quaker family in Ohio, and was a very successful businessman in the wholesale hardware field.He was also an Elder or Trustee of the Church and has two daughters but no sons of his own.He thus took Horace Mann Hill, his friendís son, under his wing, schooling him in the hardware business. Horace Hill entered the business of Janney, Brooks & Co. in 1879 with general office duties.

††††† Hindsight shows the interrelation of the fields of enterprise in which second cousins, Samuel and Horace Hill, were engaged.Positioned at the hub of the development of the Pacific northwest, each was involved in a line of business participating in the burgeoning growth of the Twin Cities.Having grown up together as members of the same family, they shared common youthful experiences in the public schools and at the homes of their relatives at Lake Minnetonka.Their paths in life were thus to maintain ties through family and business, yet, to diverge as business drew them in different directions.Both were intelligent, capable, and energetic young men who worked diligently at their jobs and were determined to be successful.

††††† Through their business affiliations and family connections, one can see how the careers of these young Hill men were linked.The Hardware firm was a large customer of James J. Hill's railroad.Mr. Janney and J.J. Hill knew each other well in the business world.Dr. Nathan B. Hill and his son, Dr. Richard J. Hill, both were associated with J.J. Hill's Great Northern Railroad as medical officers.The Richard Hill family spent summers at Lake Minnetonka where they had a summer cottage on Crystal Bay across the bay from J.J. Hill's farm and only a few steps from his Lafayette Hotel.In those days Hill's hotel and other resort hotels on the lake attracted summer visitors from all over the country.Vacationers came by railroad to the lake and took steamboats to the various hotels situated in different parts of the lake.J.J. Hill's railroad came out from Minneapolis through Wayzata bringing guests to his Lafayette Hotel.

††††† From early days in the fledgling villages of Minneapolis and St. Paul, the J.J. Hillís and the Nathan and Richard Hill families had been associated in the early growth of the northwest.


Samuel Hill

††††† Samuel Hill (Figs. 75 and 76) was born in 1857 in Deep River, North Carolina, and came to Minneapolis with his family at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861.He attended the city schools there.Following the examples of his Mendenhall uncles, he went to work for the Lake Superior and Mississippi Railroad as a rodman on a surveying crew in 1874 to earn money for college expenses.This road was later named St. Paul and Duluth Railway.From that time on he had a keen interest in the building of roads.


Figure 75.As a student, Samuel Hill, son of Nathan B. Hill, was a handsome and talented young man.



Figure 76.As an older man, Samuel Hill was portly.


††††† At the time of his father's death in 1875,he had a job with the geological survey of Pennsylvania under J. P. Lesley, a noted authority on geology.At this time he came into contact with A. J. Cassatt who was one of the leading men of the Pennsylvania Railroad.One of six young men coached by Cassatt about railroading and railroad problems, he was given a first class background in railroading.He finished college in three years at Haverford College, before going on to Cornell for an extra year.Returning to Minneapolis he studied law in Judge Atwater's office followed by several months of study at the Harvard Law School.

††††† Returning to Minneapolis Samuel Hill entered law practice with the firm of Shaw, Levi, and Cray.After passing the Bar exam he began to practice law.Many of his cases were suits for damages against James J. Hill's Great Northern Railroad, and Sam Hill gained a reputation of winning fairly a large number of those cases.

††††† "In 1886 James J. Hill sent for Sam, then 29 years old, who was involved in prolonged litigation against the St. Paul, Minneapolis, and Manitoba Railway, J.J. Hill's first acquisition.The St. Paul and the Northern Pacific Railroads contested the right of the St. Paul, Minneapolis, and Manitoba Railroad to depress its tracks at a point in north Minneapolis.Sam won the case after nearly ten years of litigation, whereupon, with the consent, if not the blessing, of his former clients, he became assistant counsel for James. J.'s St. Paul and Pacific Railroad. "We would rather have you with us than against us," J.J. told Sam.Sam Hill told J J. Hill, "I do not care to be your hired man, Mr. Hill.I doubt if you would care to pay me as much as I am making.The only proposition that would interest me is to be allowed to come here without pay and learn railroading."In Sam Hill's words, "James J. Jill was one of the greatest railroad men, one of the shrewdest, most farseeing, most public spirited men with whom I have ever been associated.I learned more from him than in all the college courses I ever took."4

††††† Samuel Hill was one of the town's most eligible bachelors, a handsome, well-educated, successful young man.Some summers he and his second cousin, Horace, who was a few years younger, and other bachelor friends, rented a cottage in Linwood on the south end of the lake where they partook of summer recreation.That surely included attending parties, courting young ladies, socializing at the Lafayette Hotel, and visiting the Amusement Park on Big Island in the middle of the lake.He undoubtedly met his future wife during these summer holidays. (His brother Richard's summer home was located between the J.J. Hill farm and the Lafayette Hotel.)In 1888 he married one of the most eligible young ladies of Minnesota, James J. Hill's oldest daughter, Mary Frances Hill.

††††† Their alliance had all the best things going for it: talent, success, money, and social position.Because Mary Hill was a Catholic and was marrying a Quaker, the wedding took place in the J.J. Hill home at 9th St. and Canada in St. Paul rather than in the Catholic church.The young couple took up residence in their house on Stevens Avenue in Minneapolis following a honeymoon tour of Europe.In July of 1889 a daughter, Mary Mendenhall Hill was born, followed in 1893 by a son, James Branson Hill.

††††† In 1888 Sam Hill became the president of the Minneapolis Trust Company, which was organized by 100 of the leading citizens of the city.J.J. Hill contributed $100,000 of the $500,000 capitalization.Sam provided $25,000.5Among the other stock-holders were Sam's cousin, Clarkson Lindley, T. B. Janney,Hugh A. and Perry Harrison, F.F. Semple, William Dunwoody, and Charles Pillsbury.Clarkson Lindley, Sam's cousin, served as secretary-treasurer.This company survived the panic of 1893 when a number of other banks failed.Owing to increasing difficulties with real estate transactions the company was liquidated in 1903.

††††† Sam Hill was President of the Montana Central Railroad which was built in 1886-1887 and which was integrated with the Manitoba road.He served as president of other railroads which were united in the Great Northern Railroad system.He may have been assigned these posts as legal delegate of J.J. Hill.6

At the same time he was President of the Lakewood Cemetery Association, and a Director of the Minneapolis Atheneaum, which he supported liberally.

††††† Sam Hill's career with the Great Northern Railroad is well documented in other books and sources.7Suffice it to say that after moving his family to Seattle to live in 1901, his marriage and career with the railroad took a down turn.Seattle was a sawmill town and held no fascination or enticement for Mary Hill.It lacked the cultural advantages and friendships that she needed.The climate did not agree with her or the children, and the mental health of Mary Mendenhall became more perplexing.Sam Hill had taken his family to Seattle to live because of his position with the Great Northern Railroad and as President of the Seattle Gas Company, in which the Minneapolis Trust Company had invested large sums of money."Experience in the stock and bond investments, including those in railroad and utility companies, provided a basis for the later success of his own investments and helped him obtain partners for his venture into the gas business in Seattle."8Furthermore, Sam loved the challenge of the west.It was a time of expansion in Seattle anda great opportunity to get in on the ground floor of beginning enterprises.

††††† But life in Seattle was not all honey and roses.Severe competition from rival firms in the formation of gas and electric utility enterprises put great pressure on the firms headed by Sam for the Minneapolis Trust Company and eventually led to the divestment of those interests.Added to that concern, the Minneapolis Trust Company had had a series of setbacks due to real estate investments.These investments were decided upon by a newly formed executive committee of the Company.One of the members of this committee was William Hood Dunwoody, a pioneer of Quaker stock, who came to Minneapolis in 1869.Differences of opinions between management and the executive committee, and the resulting stress arising from the poor outcome of those investments, caused a breach between Dunwoody and Sam Hill.This breach was further widened when Dunwoody and his wife, as passengers of J.J. Hillís steamship the Dakota, barely escaped drowning in 1907 when the steamship foundered off the coast of Japan. Certainly his early years in Seattle were a time of much business stress for Sam Hill, and some of the pressures came from the Minneapolis business leaders.

††††† All of these troubles probably contributed to the disillusionment of Mary Hill with life in Seattle and her inability to adjust to life there.The J.J. Hills were very concerned about the health of their daughter and her children who found the climate unpleasant. Mary Hill returned to her parent's home in 1902 with no intention of returning to Seattle.One suspects that J.J. Hill pressured Sam Hill to give up his undertakings in Seattle and return with her to the east where she wanted to live a more sophisticated lifestyle.Whatever occurred, Sam Hill tendered his resignation from the Great Northern Railroad in 1903.

††††† J.J. Hill was known for his domineering and, some say, ruthless ways.He was apt to give stern orders regardless of public disagreement, as he did in the case of the Wayzata Railway Depot when local residents protested the location of the tracks.Abruptly he removed the station to a spot one mile out of town which was quite inconvenient for commuters.

††††† Samuel Hill had earlier expressed his feelings about wanting to be his own man.He had established a reputation in business affairs and was probably reluctant to knuckle under to pressure from his wife and father-in-law, knowing that would not be the end of it.

††††† The complications in his personal life may have contributed to his separation from the Railroad.One wonders if Sam Hill would have given up his much enjoyed role in the building of Seattle if he thought his wife would be happier in their marriage living elsewhere.He probably anticipated giving up his business activities in Seattle without accomplishing any reconciliation on her part.It can also be said that J.J. Hill's two sons were also taking active roles in the Railroad, and that Sam Hill's part in the family business was meant to be at the head of these enterprises in Seattle to build business on that end of the line while the sons took over active management of the Railroad.

††††† Many times it has been said that "It is hard to move a Hill".In this case it was probably doubly hard.Sam Hill did try to keep up a relationship with his wife and children over the coming years, but it was clear that love in the marriage was lost permanently.Divorce was never considered in those days by Catholics.The chapter of Sam's association with the railroad was closed.

††††† From this time on Sam Hill's business participation concentrated on the telephone, gas, and electric utilities, which were in a state of competitive turmoil, and he aggressively pursued his major interest in the development of good roads or highways.His efforts led Washington and Oregon to become leaders in highway building, setting an example for road development in the rest of the country.

††††† In his enthusiasm for life in the Northwest he bought up 7,000 acres of land on the Columbia River in Washington where he dreamed of sponsoring a Quaker community.(Figs. 74 through 80).With his daughter, Mary Mendenhall, in mind, he built a large mansion overlooking the river which he hoped would become her home.Mary Mendenhall Hill had severe mental problems, which never fully understood by the doctors.Apparently she was schizophrenic, a condition recognized today by psychiatrists as stemming from family stress.With nurses in attendance she spent many months in a cottage watching the house being built, but was never able to live in it.


Figure 77.The ďCastle,Ē home of Samuel Hill on the Columbia River in Goldendale, Washington.


Figure 78.Sam Hillís replica of Stonehenge dedicated to the fallen men of Washington in World War I.


Figure 79.Sign displayed at Stonehenge Monument.




Figure 80.Location of Maryhill, on the Columbia River in Washington.


††††† Sam Hill had planned to sponsor an ideal Quaker community to which Quakers from the east would come to settle.A little village nearby attracted a few Friends and relatives from the east, but this community never developed as he envisioned. (Fig. 81).Eventually his mansion, Maryhill, became a museum, thanks to the financial efforts and contributions of art by his old friends, Looie Fuller, the dancer, and Alma Spreckels, widow of the Sugar King.Today it is attracting many visitors to its galleries which contain, among other things, the finest collection of Rodin sculptures in the country, a special room of Russian icons, treasures donated by Queen Marie of Rumania (his friend from World War I days), and memorabilia from his own possessions.


Figure 81.This sign is placed at the crossroads of Sam Hillís proposed Quaker settlement on the Columbia River in Washington.


††††† Crushed by the failure of his personal life, Sam Hill traveled extensively.Under the direction of Herbert Hoover, a fellow Quaker with Indiana roots and family ties (their families had both lived in the Piedmont and in Richmond, Indiana), he worked in famine relief in postwar Europe.In that connection he traveled all over Europe, into Russia to advise on railroad building, and to Japan to consult with their government on development of trade with the United States, shipping to Seattle, and the development of good roads there.Belgium, France, Rumania, and Japan decorated him for his service in relieving famine and building business relationships with the U.S.

††††† Many of Hill's business enterprises suffered in the ensuing Depression of 1929.By this time his Home Telephone Company had gone out of business in competition from Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company.The Seattle Gas Company was sold in 1904 after a five-year price war.Minneapolis Trust Company funds and funds of Sam Hill had gone into the venture, but J.J. Hill and William Dunwoody, directors, concluded it would be well to sell or merge with its competitor.His greatest and most lasting contribution to the growth of the Northwest was the legacy of good roads.

††††† The turmoil and deep disappointment of his personal family life led him to have relationships with three women, each producing a child out-of-wedlock.Sam Hill supported these women and their children until his death in 1931.However, his own resources dwindled in the aftermath of the Stock Market Collapse of 1929.The greatest tragedy of all was that he never had the pleasure of acknowledging or really knowing these children.He desperately wanted to leave something of himself and his proud family heritage behind him.

††††† At his wish he was buried in a lonely spot on a bluff overlooking the Columbia River in Washington near Maryhill, where his happiest years were spent.


Horace Mann Hill

††††† Life took a different turn for Horace Hill (Fig. 82).The only surviving child in his family, he went to work at the age of fourteen, having completed the full course in the Minneapolis Public Schools with all A's.



Figure 82.Picture of Horace Mann Hill of Minneapolis.As a young man, Horace resembled his grandmother, Lucretia Hill.


††††† Under the guidance of his mentor and employer, Thomas B. Janney, he rose in Janney & Semple & Co., the wholesale hardware company, becoming a buyer in 1882.In 1887 he was admitted to the firm.In 1891 he was elected Secretary of the company and in 1904 became Vice President, assuming the position of Mr. Semple, who died.At that time the firm's name became Janney, Semple, Hill & Co.

††††† Mr. Janney was a kind and generous friend.His advice, leadership and generosity provided Minneapolis with many cultural and community assets which were the foundations of some of the most important institutions of Minneapolis today.The records list Mr. Janney as the benefactor and the generous supporter of most of Minneapolis' charitable organizations, from hospitals to churches, to old-people's homes, to the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, and to the Minneapolis Institute of Fine Arts.

††††† Thomas Janney was like a father to Horace Hill.As a young man, when Horace Hill took a keen interest in billiards which his parents frowned upon, Mr. Janney took up the sport and provided the equipment for the two to play together.For many years the two men and their families lived side by side in Minneapolis, at Cottagewood, and in Maplewoods on Lake Minnetonka.As Allen and Ann Hill lived with their son's family, the close relationship with Mr. Janney included Horace's parents.

††††† Perhaps a reason for the bond between the Hills and Thomas Janney was their Quaker roots.As stated in an earlier chapter, Thomas Janney stemmed from a very old and early Quaker family which lived at Hitchen, Hertfordshire, England and were very early followers of George Fox.I have no record of when they came to America, but it was probable that they came to Penn's Colony.The first mention of the Janney name I have found is in Ohio.

††††† Thomas Janney and Allen Hill both joined the Westminster Presbyterian Church in Minneapolis when they arrived in the town. At that time Westminster Church had a Quaker minister.This may have been the drawing card that brought the men together.Allen Hill, of course, was still at odds with the Friends' position on slavery, and the Quaker religion was shrinking in importance nationally after the Civil War.At Westminster Church both men found a religious home in which they became deeply involved and dedicated.For the remainder of their lives both held on-going offices in the church.The church was a focal point of their daily lives and the center of social friendships.

††††† Westminster Presbyterian Church was a special place, a close family of conscientious and committed members, many of whom were civic leaders and supporters of most of the charitable functions in the city.Through its many church oriented activities, the men and women of the congregation worked together on the committees for Home and Foreign Mission Fields, which sent missionaries throughout the world to serve the undeveloped countries, the American Indians, and the blacks.

††††† Both Horace Hill and Mary Whitmore had parents who belonged to this church from its beginning days.They were raised in its traditions and its outreach efforts.They, in turn, would bring up their family in these same precepts.

††††† Horace Hill married Mary Whitmore in 1884 (Fig. 83) and settled down to the responsibility of a family and the support of his parents.His parents lived with them all their lives except when spending winters in Pasadena, California.The family had a summer cottage in Cottagewood on the south end of Lake Minnetonka next door to Thomas Janney, and the men commuted to work via the railroad between Minneapolis and Excelsior.In contrast to the life of the Sam Hills, Horace and his family led lives close to home and church activities.They did not take part in the top social circles of the day. That role was left to his parents who were involved with the older circle of relatives who were involved with the James J. Hills.Their friends and the friends of their children came mostly from the families at Westminster Church.Whether in Minneapolis or at the Lake they were modest, generous, and unassuming people who devoted themselves to their family, the church, and the charitable needs of the community.Horace Hill was a hard worker and spent long hours six days a week working at Janney, Semple, Hill & Co. during his 60 years of employment.He revered his boss.As a man he emulated the humble, quiet personality of Thomas Janney and took great pride in his beautiful family.


Figure 83.Mary Whitmore Hill was a talented pianist, an artist, and a devoted servant of the Westminster Presbyterian Church of Minneapolis in the field of Missions.


††††† Horace Hill served as an Elder at Westminster Church, as a Director of the First National Bank of Minneapolis, into which the Minneapolis Trust Company had been merged, and as a trustee of Jones-Harrison Home, Abbott Hospital, and other institutions.His home life was exemplary (Figs. 84 through 86), born of years of limited means in both the Hill and Whitmore families.


Figure 84.Portrait of the Horace M. Hill family.From left to right: Ruth, Mary W., Allan, Horace Prentice, Horace Mann, and Henry Whitmore.This picture was taken around 1908.


Figure 85.Horace M. Hill home at Maplewoods, Lake Minnetonka, Wayzata, Minnesota.


Figure 86.Hill Family Photograph on the H.M. Hillís 50th wedding anniversary.L-R Back Row: Horace P. Hill, Ruth Leslie Bean, Frank P. Leslie, Mary Leslie Corrigan, Frank P. Leslie Jr., Allan J. Hill Jr., Allan J. Hill, Sr., Cora Hill Towle, Henry W. Hill. L-R Middle Row: Henrietta Hill Jewett, Henrietta Benton Hill (Mrs. Horace P. Hill), Ruth Hill Leslie, Anne Leslie McCarthy, Horace Mann Hill, Mary Whitmore Hill (Mrs. Horace M. Hill), Harriet Lambert Hill (Mrs. Allan J. Hill Sr.), Florence Stevenson Hill (Mrs. Henry W. Hill), Patricia Whitmore Hill (Hancock) Tenney.L-R Front Row: Mary Hill Benner, Horace Prentice Hill, James Hill Leslie, Betty Hill Cawcutt, David Hill, Sally Hill Husebo.


††††† Mary Hill followed in her mother's footsteps and devoted her life to the Foreign Missions work of the Presbyterian church.She spent much of her time making materials for church missionary work for use in the rural areas of this country.When the children were little, summers were spent by the lakeshore in Cottagewood where she organized poetry, china-painting, and music classes.Mary Whitmore Hill was a talented artist and a fine pianist.Each of her children became competent pianists.

††††† During the Depression of the 1930s Mary Hill employed handicapped,down-on-their luck artists to help with her church work.Every day she called on the sick, brought flowers and apples from her gardens and orchard to less fortunate friends and to the homes for the aged.She made her life one of service.She and her husband were deeply religious and reflected the mores of their parents.She was also very active in the Daughters of the American Revolutionand the Thursday Musical Club.

††††† With the same Hill foresight of his great-grandfather, Samuel, Horace purchased a large section of land in Deephaven in the 1930s and served as a council member on the first Deephaven Village Council.He gave this property to his two youngest sons, Henry W. and Horace P., and they built summer cottages and later winter homes on it.Eventually both subdivided their segments of land.Today upwards of 25 homes are located on this property.

††††† Without the flair and gusto of his cousin, Sam Hill, Horace Hill built a solid and productive life in Minneapolis.He lived up to the trust Thomas Janney put in him spending his entire working years conducting the business of Janney, Semple, Hill & Co.

††††† After his death of stomach cancer in 1948, the hardware firm, Janney, Semple, Hill & Co., succumbed in a period of intensive business competition and changing business methods in the wholesaling of goods.The era of exploding growth in the Northwest was over.


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